Stern, David P.

March 30, 2009, 2:36 pm
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David P. Stern, D.Sc.
Heliophysics Science Division
Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, Maryland, USA

Homepage
Full Curriculum Vitae
List of Publications

Educational Background

  • 1959 D.Sc. Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa, (thesis on cosmic rays, "Muons in the Atmosphere and Underground").
  • 1956 M.Sc., Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

Present Occupation

  • Currently affiliated with Heliophysics Science Division, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. (continuing as emeritus)
  • 2001 – Retired from Extraterrestrial Physics Lab, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.

Previous Positions

  • 1963–2001, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • 1961–1963, NSF/NRC Research Associate, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • 1959–1961, Research Associate, Department of Physics, University of Maryland.

Introduction

Born in Czechoslovakia, David P. Stern grew up in Israel, where he received his D. Sc. in physics from the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa (Technion) in 1960, after completing a study of the angular distribution of cosmic ray muons underground.

In November 1959 he came to Fred Singer's group at the University of Maryland as research associate, working until 1961 on the observation of cosmic rays from balloons and high-flying aircraft. In June 1961 he joined the Theoretical Division of Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, first as post-doctoral fellow and after 1963 as AST, Fields and Particles. In 1976 he moved to the Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics.

Until his retirement in 2001, Stern was associated with Goddard Space Flight Center, studying theoretical aspects of Earth's magnetosphere, in particular its large-scale electrodynamics, global description of its magnetic fields and particle motion. Some of his achievements: helping elucidate the origin of the cosmic ray anisotropy (1964), introduction of Euler potentials to describe the magnetosphere (also coining the term; 1967), devising the superposition model of the open magnetosphere (1973), ill-conditioning of magnetic surveys based on field magnitude observations alone ("Backus effect", 1975), drift-free particle motion in the geotail (1975), modeling of the magnetospheric electric field (parallel to work by H. Volland), role of O-type neutral lines in reconnection (1979; that solution however is undone by the need for charge neutrality), parabolic harmonics in magnetopause modeling (1985), deformation mapping of the Earth's field ("stretch transformations", 1987), and modeling of Birkeland currents (1993). He has published a "Strategy for Magnetospheric Research" and developed the concept of the Profile multi-spacecraft mission to the Earth's magnetosphere, publishing the plan in J. Astronaut. Sci. Together with N.A. Tsyganenko, worked at GSFC on modeling the Earth's magnetosphere.

He has published several comprehensive reviews, incl. on field line motion (1966), magnetic field representation (1976), electric fields (1977), an overview of magnetospheres for Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. (1982), "Energetics of the Magnetosphere" (1984) and "Where do magnetic field lines go in the Quiet Magnetosphere?" (1988), "A Brief History of Magnetospheric Physics Before the Spaceflight Era" (1989), "The Art of Mapping the Magnetosphere" (1994),"A Brief History of Magnetopheric Physics during the Space Age"(1996), "A Millennium of Geomagnetism" (2002) as well as "A Historical Introduction to the Ring Current" (2005).

Main interests are mapping and physics of the global magnetosphere, also science education and history of science (headed AGU Committee on the History of Geophysics 1981-88, Eos history editor 1999-2001). Likes to write, keeps extensive notes, also travelogues of trips in the US and abroad. Major research area: Electrodynamics and magnetic field of the Earth's magnetosphere.
More detailed curriculum vitae.

 

Some Recent Work – Educational Websites

Some Fairly Recent Work

Less Recent

  • "Math Squared", a math-enrichment book for middle school students, published 1980 by Teachers' College Press of Columbia University.

More Dubious

Activities in the Scientific Community

    In 1978 Stern compiled NASA's 5 year plan for solar-terrestrial physics. He twice edited quadrennial US reports to IUGG on magnetospheric research (Rev. Geophys., 1979, 1983). In 1987 he organized a IAGA symposium "Physics of the Quiet Magnetosphere" and later edited the publication of its proceedings in Rev. Geophysics. At the 1989 IAGA meeting in Exeter he convened a symposium "Magnetospheric Models and their Assessment" and organized a 1-day tutorial workshop, and he organized at GSFC workshops (3.5 days each, up to 40 participants) on the physics and modeling of the global magnetosphere in 1990, 1991, 1992 and in 1994.

    His side interests include the history of geophysics, where he founded in 1982 the AGU's Committee on the History of Geophysics, heading it until 1988, and served as Eos editor for history, 1999-2001. He has published an interview with James Dungey (1986) and a comprehensive history of his field, as well as one on the history of geomagnetism, in articles in Rev. Geophys (listed above). He has published in Eos "Remembering Robert Goddard's Vision 100 years later" (Eos, Sept. 21, 1999, p. 441), on the 100th anniversary of the day (19 October 1899) when Goddard (at age 17) decided to dedicate himself to the vision of spaceflight, and numerous other contributions.

    He enjoys creative writing and his concern with education led to "Math Squared" (Columbia Teachers College, 1980), a book on math for children, as well as to several articles in "The Physics Teacher," "Amer J. of Physics," "Science Teacher" etc.

    He has produced a on the world-wide web three book-sized scientific overviews. The first one (non-mathematical) covers magnetospheric physics, is titled "The Exploration of the Earth's Magnetosphere" and its home page is at http://www.phy6.org/Education/Intro.html.

    A more recent web site, titled "From Stargazers to Starships" at http://www.phy6.org /stargaze/Sintro.htm covers astronomy, Newtonian mechanics, the Sun and spaceflight, and also includes a short math course, 46 lesson plans, a timeline, glossary, collected questions and answers, instructions to teachers, and translation to Spanish (by Mr. Jesus Mendez) French (by Dr. Guy Batteur) and Italian (by Mr. Giuliano Pinto).

    Still more recently he produced a popular historical overview of geomagnetism (marking the 400th anniversary of William Gilbert's "De Magnete") "The Great Magnet, the Earth" with home page at http://www.phy6.org/earthmag/demagint.htm, with Spanish, French and German translations.

    A more personal collection of web pages "Welcome to my World" (http://www.phy6.org/outreach/outreach.htm) includes book reviews, "Jewish Heritage", a revised Passover Haggadah, poems and various science-related writings.

Full List of Publications


1.    
 

1955      
 

Calculation of the Odd levels in LaII and Ce III by Intermediate Coupling", D.P. Stern, M.Sc. Thesis (Hebrew University, Jerusalem).
 

2.    
 

1959      
 

"Muons in the Atmosphere and Underground", D.P. Stern, D.Sc. Thesis, Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa.
 

3.    
 

1960      
 

"On the Interpretation of Cosmic Ray μ-meson data," D.P. Stern, Il Nuovo Cimento, 18, 1-18.
 

4.    
 

1960      
 

"Counting rates of wide-aperture cosmic ray counter telescope," D.P. Stern, Supplemento del Nuovo Cimento, 16, 153-158.
 

5.    
 

1960      
 

"Azimuthal Asymmetry in High Enegry Interactions," D.P. Stern, Supplemento del Nuovo Cimento, 16, 251-255.
 

6.    
 

1961      
 

"Cosmic Radiation," D.P. Stern, in Recent Advances in Astro-Geophysics, p. 117-126, proceedings of a Georgetown University Symposium.
 

7.    
 

1961      
 

"An optical analog to the motion of magnetically trapped particles", D.P. Stern, Amer. J. Phys. , 29, 767-771.
 

8.    
 

1962      
 

"The low frequency power spectrum of cosmic ray variations during IGY", J. Geophys. Res., 67, 2133-2144.
 

9.    
 

1964      
 

"The Cosmic Ray Anisotropy", D.P. Stern, Planet. Space Sci., 12, 983-978.
 

10.    
 

1964      
 

"A simple model of the interplanetary magnetic field", D.P. Stern, Planet. Space Sci., 12, 961-971.
 

11.    
 

1964      
 

"The vector potential and the motion of charged particles in axisymmetric magnetic fields", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 69, 2715-2719.
 

12.    
 

1965      
 

"Classification of magnetic shells", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 70, 3629-3634.

13.    
 

1966      
 

"The motion of magnetic field lines", D.P. Stern, Space Sci. Rev., 4, 147-173.

14.    
 

1967      
 

"Some thoughts on unmanned lunar exploration", D.P. Stern, GSFC X-641-67-268.

15.    
 

1967      
 

"Geomagnetic Euler potentials", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 3995-4005, 1967.

16.    
 

1967      
 

"Stšrmer theory and Euler potentials", D.P. Stern, Planet. Space Sci., 15, 1525-1530.

17.    
 

1967      
 

"Stšrmer theory and Euler potentials", D.P. Stern, Planet. Space Sci., 15, 1525-1530.

18.    
 

1968      
 

"Euler potentials and geomagnetic drift shells", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 4373-4378.

19.    
 

1969      
 

"The Solar Eclipse of March 7, 1970" , D.P. Stern, a guide for elementary school teachers, 30 pp., NASA/GSFC Public Affairs Office.
 

20.    
 

1970      
 

"The Solar Eclipse", D.P. Stern, Science and Children, 7, no. 5, p. 12.

21.    
 

1970      
 

"Euler potentials", D.P. Stern, Amer. J. Phys., 38, 494-501.

22.    
 

1970      
 

"Kruskal's perturbation method", D.P. Stern, J. Math. Phys., 11, 2771-2775.

23.    
 

1970      
 

"The Radiometer", Science and Children, 8, no. 3, p. 16.

24.    
 

1971      
 

"Direct canonical transformations", D.P. Stern, J. Math. Phys., 11, 2776-2781; 12, 742.

25.    
 

1971      
 

"A new formulation of canonical perturbation theory", D.P. Stern, Celestial Mechanics, 3, 241-246.
 

26.    
 

1971      
 

"The Canonization of nice variables", D.P. Stern, J. Math. Phys., 12, 2226-2231.

27.    
 

1971      
 

"Classical Adiabatic Perturbation Theory", D.P. Stern, J. Math Phys., 12, 2231-2242.

28.    
 

1971      
 

"Geomagnetic potential in dipole coordinates",D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 257-258.
 

29.    
 

1971      
 

"The Papers of Robert H. Goddard" (book review), D.P. Stern, American Scientist, 59, 258.

30.    
 

1971      
 

"Adiabatic invariance--the evolution of a concept," D.P. Stern, GSFC X-641-71-137.

31.    
 

1971      
 

"Hamiltonian formulation of guiding Center motion", D.P. Stern, GSFC X-641-71-373.

32.    
 

1972      
 

"How I learned to live with Hooke's law, happily", D.P. Stern, Science Teacher, 39, no. 3, 58-60.

33.    
 

1972      
 

"Charged particle motion in the vicinity of a neutral plane", D.P. Stern, GSFC X-641-72-22.

34.    
 

1972      
 

"Trapped particles at a magnetic discontinuity", D.P. Stern, SFC X-641-72-469.

35.    
 

1972      
 

"An inverse theorem about the magnetic field line velocity," D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 1702-1706.
 

36.    
 

1973      
 

"A study of the electric field in an open magnetospheric model", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res. , 78, 7292-7305.
 

37.    
 

1975      
 

"Charged particle motions in a magnetic field which reduce to motions in a potential", D.P. Stern, Amer. J. Phys., 43, 689-694.
 

38.    
 

1975      
 

"Error enhancement in geomagnetic models derived from scalar data", D.P. Stern and J. Bredekamp, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 1776-1782.
 

39.    
 

1975      
 

"The motion of a proton in the equatorial magnetosphere," D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 595-599.
 

40.    
 

1975      
 

"Drift-free magnetic geometries in adiabatic motion", D.P. Stern and P. Palmadesso, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 4244-4248.
 

41.    
 

1975      
 

"Adiabatic Hamiltonian of charged particle motion in a dipole field", A.J. Chen and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 690-693.
 

42.    
 

1976      
 

"Representation of magnetic fields in space", Rev. Geophys., 14, 199-214.

43.    
 

1977      
 

"Large-scale electric fields in the Earth's magnetosphere", Rev. Geophys., 15, 156-194.

44.    
 

1977      
 

"A search for auroral-type motions in solar flares", J.M. Beckers, L.B. Gilliam and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 1915-1916.
 

45.    
 

1978      
 

"Adiabatic particle motion in a nearly drift-free magnetic field: application to the geomagnetic tail,", J. Geophys. Res., 83, 1079-1088.
 

46.    
 

1978      
 

"Solar-Terrestrial Programs, a Five-Year Plan", vi+93 pp., Office of Space Sciences, NASA Headquarters.
 

47.    
 

1959      
 

"The role of O-type neutral lines in magnetic merging during substorms and solar flares," J. Geophys. Res., 84, 63-71.
 

48.    
 

1979      
 

"The electric field and global electrodynamics of the magnetosphere," D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 17, 626-640.
 

49.    
 

1980      
 

"Backus effect observed by Magsat", D.P. Stern, R.A. Langel and G.D. Mead, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 941-944.
 

50.    
 

1980      
 

Math Squared, D.P. Stern, v+115 pp., Teachers College Press, Columbia University, New York.

51.    
 

1981      
 

"An introduction to magnetospheric physics by means of simple models", D.P. Stern, NASA TM 82072, January 1981.
 

52.    
 

1981      
 

One-dimensional models of quasi-neutral parallel electric fields J. Geophys. Res., 86, 5839-5860, 1981.
 

53.    
 

1982      
 

"Planetary magnetospheres", D.P. Stern and N.F. Ness, Ann.Rev. Astron. Astrophys., vol. 20, 125-138.
 

54.    
 

1983      
 

"The origins of Birkeland currents", D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 21, 125-138.

55.    
 

1983      
 

"Magnetospheric and interplanetary physics 1979-1982, D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 21, 361.

56.    
 

1983      
 

"Electric currents and voltage drops along auroral field lines", D.P. Stern, Space Sci. Rev., 34, 317-325.
 

57.    
 

1983      
 

"Magnetospheric dynamo processes", D.P. Stern, p. 200-207 in Magnetospheric currents, ed. T.A. Potemra, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC.
 

58.    
 

1984      
 

Energetics of the magnetosphere", D.P. Stern, Space Sci. Rev., 39, 193-213.

59.    
 

1985      
 

"Parabolic harmonics in magnetospheric modeling: The main dipole and the ring current", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 851-863.
 

60.    
 

1986      
 

"A conversation with Jim Dungey", D.P. Stern, Eos, 67, 1394-1395.

61.    
 

1987      
 

"Tail modeling in a stretched magnetosphere: 1. Methods and transformations", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 4437-4448.
 

62.    
 

1987      
 

"Modeling of the magnetosphere", D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 25, 523-527.

63.    
 

1988      
 

"Physics of the quiet magnetosphere", D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 26, 781.

64.    
 

1988      
 

"Where do field lines go in the quiet magnetosphere?", D.P. Stern and Igor I. Alexeev, Rev. Geophys., 26, 782-791.
 

65.    
 

1988      
 

"Magnetospheric models using a distorted dipole", D.P. Stern, p. 309-315 in Physics of Space Plasmas (1987), T. Chang, G.B. Crew and J.R. Jasperse, eds., Scientific Publishers, Cambridge, Mass.
 

66.    
 

1989      
 

"A brief history of magnetospheric physics before the spaceflight era", D.P. Stern, Rev. Geophys., 27, 103-114.
 

67.    
 

1990      
 

"A model of the magnetospheric tail with current-free lobes", D.P. Stern, Planet. Space Sci., 38, 255-261.
 

68.    
 

1990      
 

"Substorm electrodynamics," D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 12,057-12,067.

69.    
 

1991      
 

"Substorms," p. 317-322 in vol. 4 of Encyclopaedia of Earth System Science , Academic Press, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, San Diego.
 

70.    

 

1991      

 

"Substorm electrodynamics", D.P. Stern, p.421-424 in Magnetospheric Substorms, T. Potemra, J. Kan and S. Kokubun, eds., Geophysical monograph 64, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC.
 

71.    
 

1959      
 

"The beginning of substorm research", D.P. Stern, p. 11-14 in Magnetospheric Substorms, T. Potemra, J. Kan and S. Kokubun, eds., Geophysical monograph 64, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC.
 

72.    


 

1991      


 

"On open and closed field line regions in Tsyganenko's field line model and their possible association with horse collar auroras," J. Birn, E.W. Hones, Jr., J.D. Craven, L.A. Frank, R.D. Elphinstone and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 3811-17.
 

73.    

 

1991      

 

"On the position of the near-Earth neutral sheet: a comparison of magnetic model predictions with empirical formulas, M. Peredo and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 19,521-19,524.
 

74.    
 

1992      
 

"Uses and limitations of Tsyganenko's field models", D.P. Stern and N.A. Tsyganenko, Eos, 73, 489, 493-494.
 

75.    
 

1992      
 

"The linkage between the ionosphere and the plasma sheet", D.P. Stern, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 44, 1109-1120.
 

76.    
 

1993      
 

"A simple model of Birkeland currents", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 5691-5706.

77.    
 

1993      
 

"All I really need to know", D.P. Stern, Physics Today, no. 5, p. 63.

78.    
 

1993      
 

"Are existing magnetospheric models excessively stretched?", M. Peredo, D.P. Stern and N.A. Tsyganenko, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 15,343-15,354.
 

79.    
 

1993      
 

"Birkeland currents in the plasma sheet", N.A. Tsyganenko, D.P. Stern and Z. Kaymaz, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 19,455-19,464.
 

80.    
 

1994      
 

"Empirical modeling of the quiet time nightside magnetosphere", A.T.Y. Lui, H. Spence and D.P. Stern. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 151-157.
 

81.    
 

1994      
 

"Euler potentials of current-free fields expressed in spherical harmonics", D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2443-2445.
 

82.    
 

1994      
 

"Comment on"The relationship between magnetospheric convection and ionospheric heating" by Xiaoming Zhu" J. Geophys. Res., 99, 11,341-11,342.
 

83.    
 

1994      
 

"The Art of Mapping the Magnetosphere", D.P. Stern J. Geophys. Res., 99, 17,169-17,199.

84.    
 

1994      
 

"Method for confining the magnetic field of the cross-tail current inside the magnetopause", T. Sotirelis, N.A. Tsyganenko and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19,393-19,402.
 

85.    
 

1994      
 

"Modeling the Field of the Global Magnetopause", D.P. Stern, p. 45-51, "Physics of the Magnetopause", edited by P. Song, B.U.…. Sonnerup and M.F. Thomsen, Geophysical Monograph 90, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC, 1995.
 

86.    
 

1995      
 

"Naissance d'une ceinture de radiation dans la magnétosphere terrestre", D.P. Stern (English title: "The Birth of a Radiation Belt"; translated by Laurent Desorgher), Ciel et Terre, 111 (4), 107-111, 1995.
 

87.    
 

1996      
 

"A Brief History of Magnetospheric Physics during the Space Age", D.P. Stern, Reviews of Geophysics. 34, 1-31, 1996.
 

88.    
 

1996      
 

"Developing a Strategy for Magnetospheric Research", D.P. Stern, Eos, 77, 165 & 168, 23 April 1996.
 

89.    
 

1996      
 

"Modeling the global magnetic field of the large-scale Birkeland current system", N.A. Tsyganenko and D.P. Stern, J. Geophys. Res.,101, 27,187-198.
 

90.    
 

1996      
 

"Field modeling methods for the inner magnetosphere", p. D.P. Stern, p. 189-193 in Radiation Belts: Models and Standards, J.F. Lemaire, editor, Geophysical Monograph, AGU, 1996.
 

91.    
 

1997      
 

Space Physics for Poets, by D.P. Stern and M. Peredo, The Physics Teacher, 35, 38-9.
 

92.    
 

1999      
 

Planning the "Profile" Multiprobe Mission, by D.P. Stern, p. 136-141 in Science Closure and Enabling Technologies for Constellation Class Missions, edited by V. Angelopoulos and P. V Panetta, U. Berkeley, 1999.
 

93.    

1999      

Science Tasks for "Profile", by D.P. Stern, p. 66-71 in Science Closure and Enabling Technologies for Constellation Class Missions, edited by V. Angelopoulos and P. V Panetta, U. Berkeley, 1999.
 

94.    
 

1999      
 

"Using Space to Teach Physics" by D.P. Stern, The Physics Teacher, 37, 102-103 (February 1999).
 

95.    
 

1999      
 

"Remembering Robert Goddard's Vision 100 years Later, " Eos, 21 Sept. 1999, p. 441.

96.    
 

2001      
 

"Systematic Identification of Preferred Orbits for Magnetospheric Missions: 1. Single Satellites" J. Astronautical Sciences, 49, 559-583.
 

97.    
 

2002      
 

"Yuri Ilich Galperin" (obituary) Physics Today, p. 66-68. August 2002.

98.    
 

2002      
 

"Systematic Identification of Preferred Orbits for Magnetospheric Missions: 2. The "Profile" Mission" J. Astronautical Sciences 50, p. 149-171, 2002.
 

99.    
 

2002      
 

"A Millennium of Geomagnetism", Reviews of Geophysics, 40(3), p.1-1 to 1-30, Sept 2002

100.    
 

2002      
 

Les secrets de l'aurore polaire (in English: "Secrets of the Polar Aurora"; French translation and adaptation by M. Roth), Ciel et Terre, 118, 131-141, Nov-Dec. 2002.
 

101.    
 

2003      
 

"Le trou noir au centre de la Galaxie," (in English: "The Black Hole at the Center of our Galaxy") Ciel et Terre, 119, 146-7, Nov-Dec. 2003.
 

102.    
 

2005      

Review of the book "A Short History of Nearly Everything" by Bill Bryson, Eos, 10 May 2005.

103.    
 

2005      
 

"A historical introduction to the Ring Current", in press in Physics and Modelling of the Inner Magnetosphere (proc. Of Chapman Conference, Helsinki, 25-29 Aug. 2003) AGU Monograph.
 

 

Glossary

Citation

Wallace, M. (2009). Stern, David P.. Retrieved from http://www.cosmosportal.org/view/article/136074

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