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Astrogeology

Short: Astrogeology is the science devoted to studying the origin, composition, structure and history of the planets and their moons. (USGS - Astrogeology Research Program)

Longer: Planetary geology, alternatively known as astrogeology or exogeology, is a planetary science discipline concerned with the geology of the celestial bodies such as the planets and their moons, asteroids, comets, and meteorites. The study of these rocks is similar to Earth-based geology.

Eugene Shoemaker is credited with creating the Branch of Astrogeology (now called the Astrogeology Research Program) within the U.S. Geological Survey. He made important contributions to the field and the study of impact craters, Lunar Science, asteroids, and comets.

The Visitor Center at Barringer Meteor Crater near Winslow, Arizona includes a Museum of Astrogeology. (Wikipedia)

U.S. Geological Survey - Astrogeology Research Program

The mission of the USGS Astrogeology Research Program is to establish and maintain geoscientific and technical expertise in planetary science and remote sensing to perform the following tasks:

  • Scientifically study and map extraterrestrial bodies,
  • Plan and conduct planetary exploration missions, and
  • Explore and develop new technologies in data processing and analysis, archiving, and distribution.

Visit the U.S. Geological Survey Astrogeology Research Program for more information and links to information of interest.

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Planetary geologist and NASA astronaut Harrison "Jack" Schmitt collecting lunar samples during the Apollo 17 mission. (Source: Wikipedia.)

 

  • Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature Featured Article Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature

    The Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature is a joint effort between: International Astronomical Union (IAU) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) USGS Astrogeology... More »

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U.S. Geological Survey - Astrogeology Research Program Last Updated on 2009-04-02 00:03:27 U.S. Geological Survey - Astrogeology Research Program "Astrogeology is the science devoted to studying the origin, composition, structure and history of the planets and their moons." Mission Statement: The USGS Astrogeology Team serves the Nation, the international planetary science community, and the general public's pursuit of new knowledge of our Solar System by: Conducting innovative, fundamental research that advances the fields of planetary cartography, geoscience, and remote sensing Developing state-of-the-art software and techniques for the scientific and cartographic analysis of planetary remote sensing data Participating in the collaborative planning and operation of space exploration missions Producing accurate cartographic products, recognized internationally as benchmarks Establishing data archive and mapping standards that foster international consistency Archiving and... More »
USGS Astrogeology Research Program - Hot Topics Last Updated on 2009-04-02 00:00:00 USGS Astrogeology news, features, and updates:   More »
Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature Last Updated on 2009-04-01 23:41:02 The Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature is a joint effort between: International Astronomical Union (IAU) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) USGS Astrogeology Research Program (USGS-ASP) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) Visit the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature for the following information: Preface History How names are approved FAQs IAU rules and conventions Specifics of the Gazetteer Acknowledgments References cited Alphabetical list of names IAU Task Group Chairmen IAU Working Group and Task Group Members Abbreviations Sources of planetary names Descriptor terms Categories for naming surface features Planet and satellite names, discoverers, and categories Ring nomenclature Also available is the Index of Images With Names. This page contains a list of images on which names have been placed adjacent to features. The Gazetteer of... More »